Configure Exchange Server 2016 to Send and Receive External Emails

Share This Article: Share on Facebook11Share on Google+1Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn0Pin on Pinterest0Email this to someone

After installing Exchange 2016, you need to configure Send connectors and Receive Connectors so that Exchange server can send and receive emails. In this post, I will show steps to configure Exchange Server 2016 to Send and Receive External Emails. To configure Exchange Server 2016 to send and receive external emails, you need to configure accepted domains, email address policies, send connector and receive connector.

Configure Exchange Server 2016 to Send and Receive External Emails

Log on to Exchange Admin Center (EAC).

Configure Exchange Server 2016 to Send and Receive External Emails

Click mail flow in the features pane. You can see the tabs for accepted domains, email address policies, receive connectors and send connectors. To setup mail flow this is where most of the configuration is done.

Step 1: Accepted Domains

In accepted domains tab you can define more than one domain names for which this Mail server will accept emails from. As you can see below, mustbegeek.com is default domain because Exchange picks the forest root domain by default. So, forest root domain name is the default authoritative domain name. You can double-click the domain name to view default domain configuration.

Configure Exchange Server 2016 to Send and Receive External Emails

If you have more than one domain name then you can add here. For example, you might want this Mail server to receive emails for domain abc.com. In that case, you have to add abc.com as authoritative domain name. Select accepted domains tab. Click + “Add” button.

accepted

Type simple name to recognize domain. Type accepted domain name abc.com as shown above. Choose authoritative option. You also need to configure MX record of domain abc.com to point to this Exchange server. You do this by going into domain control panel of hosting provider for example, GoDaddy. This is how email routing actually works. Email servers use DNS servers and MX records to route emails.

Step 2: Email Address Policies

Email address policies define the email address format. By default, the default email address policy is alias@contoso.com and is applied to all recipient types. Default email address policy state that if user has logon name as bgiri@mustbegeek.com then the email format will also be the same. The default email address policy is mostly fine, so I will leave the default. You can add different email address policy and apply to recipients based on different criteria.

EAP

Step 3: Receive Connector

Receive connector is the point where Exchange server will receive emails from various sources. By default, five receive connectors are created by default. Default Frontend MBG-EX01 connector is the one that receives emails on port 25 from Internet.

default frontend

Step 4: Send Connector

Send connector allows Exchange server to send emails out on the Internet. If your Exchange server is unable to send emails out on the Internet, then this where you should look. By default, send connector is empty so let’s configure a send connector. Select send connectors tab.

new send connector

Click + “New” to add new send connector.

mbg send connector

Type name of send connector. There are four different types of send connector. Choose Internet to route emails out on the Internet. Click next.

MX Record

You have two methods to route emails. You can route emails using smart hosts or use MX records. Smart hosts can be SMTP server of your Internet provider or any other SMTP server. Here I will choose MX routing option. Choose MX record associated with recipient domain option as method send mail with this connector. Using MX record as email routing option, the Exchange server will try to find destination email server using DNS lookups. So, make sure your internal DNS server can resolve external domain names. Click next.

address space

Click + “Add” to add new address space.

all fqdn

Since we want to send emails to all destination domain names, type * as FQDN. Click save.

address space configured

You can review the configuration. Click next.

add server

Click + “Add” to choose source server. Select the Mailbox server from the list and click add. Click OK.

source server configured

Review the configuration. Click finish.

Send Connector Configured

Send connector has now been configured as shown above. Now, you should be able to send and receive emails both internally and externally.

 

The following two tabs change content below.
Bipin is a freelance Network and System Engineer with expertise on Cisco, Juniper, Microsoft, VMware, and other technologies. You can hire him on UpWork . Follow Bipin Giri on Google+. Bipin enjoys writing articles and tutorials related to Network technologies. Some of his certifications are, MCSE:Messaging, JNCIP-SEC, JNCIS-ENT, and others.