VMware Horizon 6 comes into VMware’s end-user computing portfolio. VMware Horizon works on top of existing vSphere environment to create virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI). VMware Horizon 6 is desktop and application virtualization solution that provides virtual desktops and application to users. This technology leverages the Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) concept, where employees bring their own device(s) and the organization will provide virtual desktops and applications via internal (Company network) and external (Internet) network. Understanding VMware Horizon 6 components is critical before you start to plan, design or deploy Horizon 6.
Understanding VMware Horizon 6 Components
There are different pieces of VMware Horizon 6 that all works together to provide VDI solution. They are: –
- vCenter Server: – VMware vCenter server is central place for managing the vSphere infrastructure. VMware Horizon View connection server interacts with vSphere environment via vCenter server’s web services. You must have vCenter in the network to deploy virtual desktops using VMware Horizon 6. This is the reason why vCenter comes with purchase of VMware Horizon 6.
- View Connection Server: – View Connection server or View Standard Server is the core and is the first server in Horizon (View) infrastructure. It acts as broker and authenticates users via Active Directory, associates virtual desktops to users, enables single-sign on, provides web-based View administrator portal, holds copy of LDAP database and much more. View-Replica server is a type of View Connection server which is used for high availability of Connection server.
- View Security Server: – Security server allows external users access their virtual desktop in the internal network from the Internet. The Security server is installed on Windows Server and placed on DMZ network of the company network.
- View Composer Server: – View Composer is used to provide linked clone virtual desktops to users. The clone is based on parent virtual machine. This server is installed on vCenter server. View Composer reduces the disk space require for virtual machines. The linked clone virtual desktop is more easier and quicker to deploy because of View Composer server.
- View Agent: – View Agent is installed on virtual machine which is going to be used as source VM for virtual desktop. For example to deploy Windows 7 as view desktop, view agent must be installed in Windows 7 virtual machine.
- Horizon Client: – Horizon Client is installed on users local machine or physical machine. The user opens view client application and connect to view desktop. The View Client can be installed on Windows 7, Max OSX, Linux open client and thin clients.
- View Persona Management: – View Persona Management provides simplified way to manage user profiles across persistent or non-persistent virtual desktops.
- ThinApp: – ThinApp is application virtualization solution from VMware. It is an optional component in Horizon VDI infrastructure. ThisApp stores applications in a ThinApp repository which is shared on the network.